Oleh : Baba Barus,1,2 L. S. Iman,1 D.R. Panuju,1,2and B.H. Trisasongko1,2
1 staff of Center for Regional System Analysis, Planning and Development, IPB;2 staff of Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB
Email : Bababarus@yahoo.com; phone/fax: +622518359072
Disampaikan pada Seminar HITI Solo, 2011
Government of Garut Regency has been preparing to allocate some spaces for food security integrated within spatial planning as it is a mandate of the National Law No 41, 2009. There are several criteria to delineate food-production areas, including biophysical, socio and economic factors. However, detailed variables and criteria need further exploration and exercises. This research aims to find out appropriate factors and criteria to match local requirements, hence contributing to food security on either local or larger community areas. To achieve the goals, this research employed high resolution imageries such as ALOS AVNIR-2 and Quickbird imageries, coupled with infrastructure, land system, administrative maps, and socio-economic datasets. Field data were obtained through several site surveys which were utilized to validate image interpretation and observe detailed socio-economic aspects of farmers. Several methods were implemented such as remotely sensed baseline rice mapping, spatial analysis using GIS tools and statistical analysis. The result showed that appropriate variables used to assess sustainable local food-production areas were different in some districts (kecamatan). Not all generic variables such as land suitability could be implemented to identify paddy-production on all districts. Different variables were more influential than physical aspects. These included capacity of food supply for local demand and establishment of environmental friendly land management. In terms of food security status, the research indicated that majority of districts secured their local food requirements and few of them had excess rice production. At Garut Regency level, the aggregated data showed that Garut had some surplus in paddy production. This information combined with demographic, paddy production and other data implied that several zones of rice fields required some protections either in cultivated or in protected area in the spatial planning. In addition, environmental virtue has to be included within agricultural zoning for better land protection in food security campaign.
Keyword: Local food security, spatial analysis, unique land management, paddy balance, land zonation